This unique directory lists hundreds of toolcutters and their firms who worked from 1780 to 1965. With brief biographies of each craftsman or firm, the author illustrates many of their original trade marks and advertisements. He also lists the dates when they were active. There are opening essays on What Finishing Tools Are and How they were Used; How Finishing Tools Are Made; Tools of the Makers and Toolmakers' Tools, etc. This well-researched and illustrated Directory is divided into three main sections; Toolcuters in the British Isles; Toolcutters in Continental Europe and Toolcutters in North America & Australia. Tom Conroy is an internationally known design bookbinder who has been collecting information on finishing tools for many years. This work, with a foreword by Marianne Tidcombe, is for anyone interested in binding history and the collecting world of old finishing tools.